to family descendants Big Road died in 1897. I've no independent
check on this date, but we have a statement by Judge Ricker
that when he started interviewing people at Pine Ridge
- say 1907 - Big Road was already dead. Also in the map
of allotments made at Pine Ridge ca. 1905-15 Big Road
doesn't appear - though his son Chase Alone does.
I think Big Road was one of the four Deciders (wakicunze)
seated by the Northern Oglala council in April 1877. He
served as a sergeant in the Oglala scouts recruited at
Red Cloud Agency after surrender. After Lt. Clark re-organised
the scouts in July he was a sergeant in Co. C. The other
Co. C sergeants were Little Hawk,
Iron Crow (also known as Jumping
Shield), Little Big Man,
plus First Sergeant Crazy Horse.
The corporals were all akicita leaders in the
Northern Oglala village. When Big Road reluctantly joined
the flight to Canada in January 1878, he turned over his
scout uniform and firearms to Clark's successor Lt. Dodd.
— Kingsley Bray
is in the 1877 Dakota Delegation photo taken in Washington
on October 30, 1877. — Mike Nunnally
Road was a northern Oglala band chief. James R. Walker called
the band "Oyurpa" which means "pulled
down." This man, Ithink, played an important part in
the Oglala history. He was a so-called "hostile."
We find him fighting against the US Army in the Fetterman
battle and also in the Custer battle. He surrended in May
1877 with Crazy Horse. After this chief's death and after,
as you wrote, he was in Washington, he and his group (many
of the Crazy Horse followers) fled to Canada and came back
to South Dakota in 1880 or 1881. When the ghost dance broke
out, he became once more a "hostile" leader.
think he was not at the Wounded Knee massacre. In January
1891(?) he surrendered to Gen. Miles. Also in 1891 he,
along with Hump, Young Man Afraid, and others, went to
Washington. — Karl
Big Road went to Canada with other 'northern' Oglalas
after Crazy Horse's death, he is named as one of those
leaders who were disenchanted with Crazy Horse at the
agency. — Grahame Wood
to right:] Photo by Trager around 1890; in Carlisle, 1880s
(with Oglala chiefs Grass and Little Wound) by John N.
Choate, who made the pictures at Carlisle Indian School,
Pennsylvania; from the group photo 1891 in Washington.
photo of Big Road I never saw before. It seems to be of
his 1891 journey to Washington.
— Dietmar Schulte-Möhring