Red Horse: we don't know his band identity,
although he surrendered in Feb. 1877 with Spotted Elk. My
hunch would be that his outfit, and those of Red Skirt and
Bull Eagle, were part of the Gartersnake Earring band. —
found this information on Red Horse;
had two children by his first marriage
Frank Red Horse 1866-1933 and Womanly.
Frank Married to Brings Back/Lazy Bull woman then
he married Good Heart Woman.
Womanly married Buffalo and was the Mother
of James and Guy Buffalo.
Red Horse had another son named Ree a scout at Fort Meade.
around 1873 Red Horse married Her Black Blanket/Black Shawl.
one child Woman Eyes married Blue Cloud from Pine Ridge.
a son Excited/Weary aka Maggie
a Lone Eagle
a son Russel Red Horse
family settled in Bridger SD
Horse's Story of the Battle, #1
A Minneconjou Sioux's account of the Battle of the Little
from Report of Col. W. H. Wood, Commanding Post, Cheyenne
Agency, February 27, 1877.
GREASY Grass Creek was the main camp of the hostiles at
that time. I was one of the head council men in that camp.
My lodge was situated in the center of the camp. The Uncpapas
(Hunkpapas) Yanktonais and Santees were camped northeast
of us, on the right, facing the battlefield. The Minneconjous,
Sans Arcs, Two Kettles and Brules formed the center. On
the left to the west were the Ogalallas and Cheyennes. On
the morning of the attack myself and several women were
out about a mile from camp gathering wild turnips. Suddenly
one of the women called my attention to a cloud of dust
arising in the neighborhood of the camp. I soon discovered
that the troops were making an attack. We ran for the camp,
and when I got there I was sent for at once to come to the
council lodge. I found many of the council men already there
when I arrived. We had no time to consult one another as
to what action we should take. We gave directions immediately
for every Indian to take his horse and arms; for the women
and children to mount their horses and get out of the way,
and for the young men to go and meet the troops.
the latter was an officer who rode a horse with four white
feet. The Indians have fought a great many tribes of people,
and very brave ones, too, but they all say that this man
was the bravest man they had ever met.
don't know whether this man was Gen. Custer or not; some
say he was. I saw this man in the fight several times, but
did not see his body. It is said he was killed by a Santee,
who still holds his horse. This officer wore a large-brimmed
hat and a buckskin coat. He alone saved his command a number
of times by turning on his horse in the rear in the retreat.
In speaking of him, the Indians call him "The man who
rode the horse with four white feet." There were two
men of this description, looking very much alike, both having
long yellowish hair.
time before this fight, we were camped on the Rosebud, but
we moved, crossed over and struck a tributary of Greasy
Grass Creek and went into camp on the west bank. An Indian
started to go to Red Cloud agency that day, and when a few
miles from camp he discovered the dust rising. He turned
back and reported that a large herd of buffalo was approaching
the camp. The day was very warm, and a short time after
he reported this, the camp was attacked by troops, who had
followed our trail down the tributary and crossed Greasy
Grass Creek a little above where we did, and above the mouth
of this tributary. They [Reno's men] attacked the upper
end of the camp where the Hunkpapas were. The women and
children fled immediately down Greasy Grass Creek a little
way and crossed over. The troops set fire to the lodges.
All the warriors then rallied and attacked this command
in an overwhelming force, and drove them in confusion across
the creek. They forced them back over a place below where
they first crossed. The creek was very high and swift, and
several of the troops were drowned. After driving this party
back, the Indians corralled them on top of a high hill and
held them there until they saw that the women and children
were in danger of being taken prisoners by another party
of troops [Custer's men] which just then made its appearance
below. The word passed among the Indians like a whirlwind,
and they all started to attack this new party, leaving the
troops on the hill. From this hill to the point where the
troops were seen below it was open ground all the way, with
the exception of the small tributary I spoke of before.
While this last fight was going on, we expected all the
time to be attacked in the rear by the troops we had just
left, and when we found they did not come, we supposed they
had used up all their ammunition. As soon as we had finished
this fight, we all went back to massacre the troops on the
hill. After skirmishing around awhile we saw the walking
soldiers coming. These new troops making their appearance
was the saving of the others. The Indians can't fight walking
soldiers; they are afraid of them, and so we moved away.
attack was made on the camp about noon. The troops, it appears,
were divided, one party charging right into the camp. We
drove them across the creek. When we attacked the other
party, we swarmed down on them and drove them in confusion.
The soldiers became panic-stricken, many of them throwing
down their arms and throwing up their hands. No prisoners
were taken. All were killed; none left alive even for a
troops used very few of their cartridges. I took a gun and
a couple of belts off two dead men. Out of one belt two
cartridges were gone; out of the other, five. It was with
the captured ammunition and arms that we fought the other
body of troops. If they had all remained together they would
have hurt us very bad. The party we killed made five different
stands. Once we charged right in until we scattered the
whole of them, fighting among them hand to hand. One band
of soldiers was right in rear of us; when they charged we
fell back and stood for one moment facing each other. Then
the Indians got courage and started for them in a solid
body. We went but a little distance, when we spread out
and encircled them. All the time I could see their officers
riding in front, and hear them shouting to their men. It
was in this charge that most of the Indians were killed.
We lost 136 killed and 160 wounded. We finished up this
party right there in the ravine.
troops up the river made the first attack skirmishing. A
little while after, the fight commenced with the other troops
below the village. While the latter fight was going on,
we posted some Indians to prevent the command from forming
a junction. Some of the young men took the clothing off
the dead and dressed themselves in it. There were several
among them who had citizen clothing. They went up and attacked
the other command that way. Both banks of the river were
very steep and difficult of ascent. Many of the troops were
killed while crossing. When they got on the hill, they made
some kind of fighting words, and the fight was then carried
on at a distance, the young men sometimes charging close
up. The fight continued at long range until the walking
soldiers came. There are many little incidents connected
with this fight, but I don't recollect them now. I don't
like to talk about that fight. If I hear any of my people
talking about it, I always move away.
kept moving all summer, the troops being always after us.
They stopped following us near the mouth of Powder River.
Military Division of the Missouri.
A true copy from the original.
Chicago, Oct. 31, 1877.
George A. Forsyth,
Major 9th Cavalry, A.D.C.
— LaDonna Brave Bull Allard
note that the two photographs of Red Horse by D.F. Barry
that are often published with his account of the Little
Bighorn are not him. Actually, Barry photographed the prominent
Blackfoot Lakota Red Horse from the Standing Rock Agency.
The account is by the Minnicoujou Red Horse from the Cheyenne
River Agency. [Emphasis added.]— Ephriam Dickson
The following publications contain information about Red Horse:
Article: "Ghosts on the Little Bighorn" by Robert Paul Jordan • After a 1983 prairie fire cleared brush along Montana's Little Bighorn River, archaeologists recovered artifacts that shed new light on Custer's Last Stand. Robert Paul Jordan reports on the still controversial 1876 battle. Photographs by Scott Rutherford • The National Geographic Magazine • December 1986.
Article: "The Battle of Little Bighorn: An Eyewitness Accounty by the Lakota Chief Red Horse Recorded in Pictographs and Text at the Cheyenne River Reservation, 1881 • Archives of the West: 1874-1877 •http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/six/bighorn.htm • Accessed November 20, 2017.